Apple (Malus domestica)

Apple (Malus domestica)

Already in ancient times was a well-known high value apples and its use as medicinal purposes. Malus domestica tree belongs to the family Rosaceae. It is the most widespread piece of fruit, and Charlemagne ordered the planting of apple in German lands about 800 year, and around 1600. there were nearly 200 known varieties of apples. The old Roman proverb originates ab ovo usque ad is small, which means everything from eggs to apples. Then there were the usual egg meal start and finish apple. It was much appreciated, because of its flavor, sweetness, and beauty. Apples contain up to 90% water, in which various substances are dissolved, and passing through the stomach within 15-20 minutes. Therefore, it should be eaten before meals or several hours later. When eaten with other foods, then stay in the stomach for several hours.

Differ according to the time of maturation or early summer, mid or early autumn and late winter or apples. According to the shape are divided into round, pointed, flat, corrugated, without ribs, with a deep or shallow bowls. They are divided by color and as the fruit skin of the red, yellow, colorful, painted like marble, respectively, smooth, shiny, rough, oily and apples.

Important ingredients in the fruit pectin (a type of fiber, the highest in fruit crust, with significant multiple effects, especially because bind and remove various toxins from the bowel and reduce harmful cholesterol, absorb harmful radiation, phagocytosed, that captivate the pathogenic bacteria), carotenoids (from those species that act as antioxidants, but not provitamin A, that is not converted to vitamin A), malic and other organic acids, including ellagic, chlorogenic and kafeična; contains numerous minerals, including potassium, bromine.

Apple thanks to its ingredients actually very healthy foods. Although apples can not cure any disease, their daily consumption can prevent many health problems and diseases. Indeed, according to the old English folk proverb "An apple a day keeps the doctor away", eat an apple or even better, two large apples a day will do much to preserve our health.

Apple (Malus domestica)

Apple, in fact, a real little treasure trove of ingredients that have a positive impact on our bodies. Depending on variety, 100 g apple contains about 85 g of water, 10, 9 g carbohydrates and 3 g dietary fiber. In apple has up to 40 mg of vitamin C, then vitamin A, E, B1, B2, B6 and beta-carotene. It contains minerals, high in potassium (100 to 180 mg), and calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and iron.

Thanks to the high concentration of carbohydrates, especially fructose and glucose, apple provides the body with energy and prevents fatigue and loss koncentracije.Iako are some varieties of fruit much richer in vitamin C, thanks to a combination of vitamins, minerals and other substances in apples, apple stimulates the immune system and is very is effective against viruses, bacteria and the destructive effects of free radicals. It therefore protects against colds, and in the fight against malignant cells such proven to reduce the risk of developing colon cancer. Thanks apple turn carotene protects against the harmful effects of UV rays. Apple, among other things, because it contains pectin and cellulose, promotes and regulates digestion, stabilizes the intestinal flora and helps with digestion problems, especially diarrhea and constipation, or constipation. Apple has a positive effect on the heart and circulatory system. Prevents the accumulation of harmful substances in the blood, lowers blood cholesterol and prevents clogging of blood vessels and thus reduces the risk for thrombosis and atherosclerosis, and a positive effect on heart function.

Jabuka ( Malus domestica )

How contains lots of potassium, apple stimulates the secretion of excess fluid from the body and the other in this way contributes to the weight loss. How is high in fiber, which swell in the stomach, thus creating a feeling of satiety and reduce appetite, apple is unavoidable in all diets to reduce weight. Apple has a positive impact on the functioning of the kidneys, liver and gall bladder. Because of its properties as an additional apple is a natural means to relieve various ailments welcomed and nutrition patients. For example, its effect on the alkalinity of the urine helps with pregnancy complications and diabetes and heart disease, kidney and liver. Thanks calcium and phosphorus in turn has a positive effect on building bones and teeth, and how rich and fluoride prevents tooth decay and strengthens and protects the gums and oral flora. Slow chewing apples clean your teeth and destroy harmful bacteria in the oral cavity.

However, apart from the health benefits it can sustain us in shape. Thanks to the high concentration of carbohydrates, especially fructose and glucose, apple provides the body with energy and prevents fatigue and loss of concentration. To contain up to 90% water and no fat, apple successfully quenches thirst and refreshed after a hard workout. It hides and serotonin and in raising our mood even more successful than chocolate chips. Besides apples soothes and relieves neurosis and irritability and was welcomed as a tranquilizer and opiate.

Jabuka ( Malus domestica )

Apple is usually eaten raw, but also baked, cooked, dried, processed into juices, jams, jams, jellies, and is well known and highly respected cider vinegar. Apple cider vinegar is a product obtained by fermenting apple or fermented apple juice. It is used in traditional medicine because of the significant presence of potassium, a key mineral ingredient necessary for health. The importance of the potassium that binds and other useful mineral substances: phosphorous, magnesium, calcium, sulfur, iron, fluorine, and to a lesser extent, other minerals. It is eaten in various combinations, often with honey and water.



Idared is an American species originated 1935th The crossing of varieties of Jonathan and Wag (e) ner, and production is introduced 1942nd year. Viosokoproduktivna the plantation variety and arguably now the most popular apple in Croatia! Because of the coarse and fine fruit, good flavor and an unusually long storage of fruits, it is appreciated and it is no wonder that in our ranks so highly.

Jabuka ( Malus domestica ) Idared

Granny Smith

Perhaps the most recognizable of all the apples and certainly one of the most famous, Granny Smith is one of Australia's most famous exports. Discovered in Australia, 60-by 19 century as the random seeds to a landfill for waste. It is assumed that the random hybrid European wild and domestic apples. Mrs. Maria Ann Smith, which was found, revealed that the multi-purpose apple, or excellent for cooking and for consumption in fresh condition. The new variety is called Granny Smith and is responsible for the spread of its popularity. By the 60-ies of 20th Century Granny Smith has become virtually synonymous with the apple. This somewhat unusual apple attracts about his color of grass, long kept, and has a versatility that consumers love. In this country is known as sort of an atypical jabučarska areas, such as Dalmatia, Istria and Baranja.

Jabuka ( Malus domestica ) Granny Smith

Fuji Kiku

Fuji is surely one of the more attractive modern apple varieties. Its main feature is a nice pink masks covering the pale green background. As is to be expected Fuji from Japan where it originated 40 -'s 20th century, where Apple is currently number one, but interestingly, has American origins. Is highly productive plantation variety that is present only in Europe ten years. Fuji was obtained by crossing a well-known varieties Red Delicious and many lesser known Ralls Janet, which is probably the reason for the attractive pink overflow.

Jabuka ( Malus domestica ) Fuji Kiku


Jonagold is an American species originated 40-ies of the last century, and as the name says, is obtained by crossing Golden Delicious and Jonathan. The production was introduced 1968th Since then, it has become very popular, especially in Europe. Jonagold is the best of two varieties in one.

Jabuka ( Malus domestica ) JonaGold

Jabuka ( Malus domestica ) Crveni Delišes

Red Delicious

Red Delicious is one of the most famous American apple varieties. This group achieved an enviable quality of the fruit in the agroecological conditions of Slavonia and belongs to the world's leading variety in the structure of production. Red Delicious and Golden Delicious in the matrix are different varieties, although they share a similar name and some interesting (both were created in the U.S. in the late 19th century, has an interesting history, belong to the sweet varieties). Red Delicious is extensively cultivated in modern plantations and has many descendants, of which Fuji potentially the most interesting.Gala Schniga

This very attractive apple comes from New Zealand, and is obtained by crossing varieties Golden Delicious and Kidd's Orange Red - a very promising start! Gala combines modern and traditional parenting. Specifically, Kidd's oranda Red descendant of Cox's Orange Pippin, old-fashioned English favorites and does not need to be a professional waxed apples to realize that crossing Golden Delicious and Cox's Orange Pippinaa could result in a harmonious blend of sweet taste of Golden Delicious and rich and complex Cox flavors.

Jabuka ( Malus domestica ) Gala Schniga

Jabuka ( Malus domestica ) Zlatni Delišes

Golden Delicious

Eureka! I found it! These were the words of Paul Stark Stark brothers from the nursery, when the bite this apple orchard in Anderson Mullins 1914th year. Indeed, the right of the gold found in the hills of West Virginia that special day. "With this apple in your hand, you can not be sure whether you drink champagne or eat an apple!" Enthusiastically said Stark. From then until today, this is an apple gained remarkable popularity among consumers and is cultivated in all the main, warm growing regions of the world.

Up - Fuji, Kiku 8, Mutsu, Idared, Gloster
Middle - Delorina, Melrose, Enterprise, Topaz, Braeburn
Down - Liberty, Granny Smith, Florina, Zlati Delišes, Jonagold